कृषि विभाग किसानों को दे रहा फसल चक्र अपनाने की सलाह

July 05 2021

डौंडी क्षेत्र में नाइट्रोजन के अंधाधुंध उपयोग से खेतों की क्षीण हो रही उर्वरा शक्त

सोसायटियों में खाद की किल्लत, किसान निजी दुकानों से खरीदने को मजबूर

July 05 2021

छत्तीसगढ़ में इस साल मानसून तय समय से पहले पहुंच चुका है। झमाझम बारिश होने से किसानो

काशीफल कम खर्च में अधिक मुनाफा

July 05 2021

बागवानी फसलों में फसल परिवर्तन कर कम लागत में अधिक लाभ लिया जा सकता है। वैसे तो मंदस

ਬਚੇਗਾ ਡੀਜ਼ਲ ਦਾ ਖਰਚਾ ਤੇ ਨਹੀਂ ਆਵੇਗਾ ਬਿਜਲੀ ਦਾ ਬਿੱਲ, ਸਿੰਚਾਈ ਲਈ ਲੈ ਆਓ ਸੋਲਰ ਪੈਨਲ, ਸਰਕਾਰ ਦੇ ਰਹੀ ਪੈਸਾ

July 05 2021

ਕਿਸਾਨਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਅਕਸਰ ਖੇਤਾਂ ਚ ਸਿੰਚਾਈ ਦੌਰਾਨ ਕਾਫੀ ਮੁਸ਼ਕਲਾਂ ਦਾ ਸਾਹਮਣਾ ਕਰਨਾ ਪੈਂਦਾ ਹੈ। ਕਦੀ ਜ਼

ਮਾਲਵਾ ਪੱਟੀ ’ਚ ਹੁਣ ਨਰਮੇ ਨੂੰ ਨਦੀਨਾਂ ਨੇ ਦੱਬਿਆ

July 05 2021

ਮਾਲਵਾ ਪੱਟੀ ਵਿਚ ਲਗਾਤਾਰ ਪਾਣੀ ਲਾਕੇ ਭਾਵੇਂ ਕਿਸਾਨਾਂ ਨੇ ਬੀ.ਟੀ ਕਾਟਨ ਨੂੰ ਮੱਚਣੋ ਤਾਂ ਬਚਾਅ ਲਿਆ,

ICAR ने विकसित की फूल गोभी की नई किस्में

July 02 2021

भारतीय कृषि अनुसंधान परिषद, पूसा नई दिल्ली के कृषि वैज्ञानिकों ने फूल गोभी की 4 नई क

Farmers and gardeners will get Rs 134 subsidy for buying crates for the first time

July 02 2021

For the first time in Himachal Pradesh, the government will give a subsidy of Rs 134 to the farmers and gardeners to buy crates. In the first phase, the state government will provide 1.5 lakh crates to the gardeners an

Abhinav Thakur, a young engineer from Jabalpur, used drones in agriculture

July 02 2021

There is talk of making agriculture a profitable business and adopting new technology in it every day. New experiments are being done. A young engineer from Jabalpur has done wonders. He has used drones for farming. Th

छत्तीसगढ़ में एक लाख पोषण बाड़ियाँ विकसित होंगी

July 02 2021

उद्यानिकी विभाग द्वारा छत्तीसगढ़ में एक लाख पोषण बाडि़यां विकसित किए जाने को लेकर त

रायपुर में पपीता, सरगुजा में लीची की खेती होगी

July 02 2021

छत्तीसगढ़ में उद्यानिकी फसलों के प्रोत्साहन के लिए उद्यानिकी विभाग द्वारा एक जिला-

ਅਗਸਤ ਵਿਚ ਆ ਸਕਦੀ ਹੈ ਪ੍ਰਧਾਨ ਮੰਤਰੀ ਕਿਸਾਨ ਯੋਜਨਾ ਦੀ 9 ਵੀਂ ਕਿਸ਼ਤ, ਪਰ ਉਸ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਕਰੋ ਇਹ ਜਰੂਰੀ ਕੰਮ

July 02 2021

ਦੇਸ਼ ਦੇ ਕਿਸਾਨਾਂ ਲਈ ਇਕ ਬਹੁਤ ਵੱਡੀ ਖੁਸ਼ਖਬਰੀ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਕੇਂਦਰ ਸਰਕਾਰ ਦੀ ਪ੍ਰਧਾਨ ਮੰਤਰੀ ਕਿਸਾਨ ਸਨਮ

ਪੈਟਰੋਲ-ਡੀਜ਼ਲ ਮਗਰੋਂ ਹੁਣ ਸ਼ਹਿਰੀਆਂ ਤੇ ਮਹਿੰਗੇ ਦੁੱਧ ਦੀ ਮਾਰ, ਵਿਗੜਿਆ ਰਸੋਈ ਦਾ ਬਜਟ

July 02 2021

ਪੰਜਾਬ ਵਿੱਚ ਅੱਜ ਤੋਂ ਦੁੱਧ ਦੀਆਂ ਕੀਮਤਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਵਾਧਾ ਹੋ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ। ਵੇਰਕਾ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਅੱਜ ਦੁੱਧ ਦੀਆਂ ਕ

Farmers income will be doubled with improved quality seeds

July 01 2021

In order to meet the challenges of climate change, along with the need of modern technology, the agriculture sector also needs advanced seeds. The economic system of the farmers is very bad due to fake seeds and adulte

Due to the rise in tomato prices, the face of farmers returned

July 01 2021

After the lockdown, the sudden jump in the prices of tomatoes has brought back the glow on the faces of the farmers. These days hundreds of tonnes of Tomato, Capsicum and Frasbean are being sent from low-lying areas of

सरकार ने हरियाणा में गेंहू को 1975 रु./क्विंटल MSP पर खरीदा

July 01 2021

हरियाणा सरकार ने किसानों के लिए इस बार कई फसलों को न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य (एमएसपी) पर

समितियों में यूरिया नहीं,किसान परेशान,विधायक ने की कृषि मंत्री से चर्चा

July 01 2021

सरगुजा जिले में चालू खरीफ सीजन में भी यूरिया की मारामारी शुरू हो गई है। मांग के अनुर

ਬਾਸਮਤੀ ਦੀ ਫ਼ਸਲ ਵਿੱਚ ਖਾਦਾਂ ਦੀ ਸੁਚੱਜੀ ਵਰਤੋਂ

July 01 2021

ਵਿਦੇਸ਼ਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਬਾਸਮਤੀ ਦੀ ਵਧੇਰੇ ਮੰਗ ਹੋਣ ਕਰਕੇ ਅਤੇ ਇਸ ਦੀ ਕਾਸ਼ਤ ਦੌਰਾਨ ਝੋਨੇ ਦੇ ਮੁਕਾਬਲੇ ਪਾਣੀ

ਗੈਰ-ਰਸਾਇਣਕ ਤਰੀਕਿਆਂ ਨਾਲ ਝੋਨੇ ਦੀ ਫਸਲ ਵਿੱਚ ਬਿਮਾਰੀਆਂ ਦੇ ਵਾਧੇ ਨੂੰ ਰੋਕੋ

July 01 2021

ਝੋਨਾ ਪੰਜਾਬ ਵਿੱਚ ਸਾਉਣੀ ਦੌਰਾਨ ਉਗਾਈ ਜਾਣ ਵਾਲੀ ਇੱਕ ਮਹੱਤਵ ਪੂਰਨ ਫਸਲ ਹੈ। ਇਸ ਫਸਲ ਤੇ ਕਈ ਬਿਮਾਰੀ

ਕਿਸਾਨਾਂ ਲਈ ਖੁਸ਼ਖਬਰੀ! ਦੁੱਧ ਦੇ ਭਾਅ ਚ ਮੋਟਾ ਵਾਧਾ

July 01 2021

ਮਿਲਕਫੈੱਡ ਨੇ ਕਿਸਾਨਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਰਾਹਤ ਦਿੰਦਿਆਂ ਦੁੱਧ ਦੇ ਭਾਅ ਵਿੱਚ ਵਾਧੇ ਦਾ ਐਲਾਨ ਕੀਤਾ ਹੈ। ਪਹਿਲੀ ਜ

India will become self-reliant in terms of phosphatic fertilizers

June 30 2021

Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilizers Mansukh Mandaviya on Monday held a meeting with the officials and stakeholders of Department of Fertilizers to improve the availability of Phosphatic Fertilizers (DAP &am

Haryana government s big step: Extended crop loan repayment date, 3.5 lakh farmers will get relief

June 30 2021

The Haryana government has given a big relief to 3.5 lakh farmers who are suffering due to Kovid. The due date for payment of repayment of crop loans has been extended. With this, farmers will get interest relief of ab

आगरा में गेहूं खरीद केंद्र का हाल: पहले बिक्री अब भुगतान के लिए भटक रहे किसान, 15 जून से पहले बंद हुई खरीद

June 30 2021

आगरा जनपद में किसानों के गेहूं की खरीद के लिए 48 क्रय केंद्र खोले गए थे। एक अप्रैल से

कश्मीर के केसर से महकेगी हर्षिल घाटी, पांच गांवों को खेती के लिए किया चिह्नित

June 30 2021

सेब और राजमा के बाद उत्तराखंड की हर्षिल घाटी में कश्मीर के केसर की खुशबू भी बिखरेगी

मूंग से रिकॉर्ड उत्पादन लिया आशीष लोधी ने

June 30 2021

इस सफलता की कहानी में त्रिवेणी योगदान है- किसान के श्रम का, कृषि की उन्नत तकनीक का, सर

डीएपी का 75 प्रतिशत वितरण सहकारी क्षेत्र से होगा

June 30 2021

प्रदेश में अब डीएपी उर्वरक का तीन चौथाई यानी 75 % वितरण सहकारी क्षेत्र से होगा, जबकि श

From the RSS:

  • How retail industry is adopting soy as a protein-rich feed for livestock; experts discuss

    Industry expert Jaison John, Team Lead – India, U.S. Soybean Export Council (USSEC), Dr Suresh Itapu, Nutraceutical Expert, Director, NutriTech India and Kripa Jalan Nutritionist, Founder – Burgers to Beasts deliberate on protein consumption in the country and how retailers can play an important role in making India protein sufficient.
  • Over 21.40 lakh farmers enrolled under PM-KMY: Narendra Singh Tomar

    The enrollment of eligible farmers under PM-KMY was started by Common Service Centres (CSC e-Governance Services India Ltd) from August 2019.
  • Govt aims to create national farmers database using digital land records: Narendra Singh Tomar

    "As a first step in this direction, the government has already initiated building federated farmers' database that would serve as the core of the envisaged Agristack," Tomar said in a written reply to the Lok Sabha.
  • Sowing of kharif crops picks up with advancement in monsoon: Narendra Singh Tomar

    When asked if the government has assessed the impact of delayed monsoon on agriculture produce, Tomar in a written reply to the Lok Sabha said, "...it is too early to determine the impact of delayed monsoon on the agriculture produce".
  • Over 2 lakh hectare farmland damaged this year due to hydro-meteorological calamities: Narendra Singh Tomar

    The report of the IMCT is considered by the Sub-Committee of the National Executive Committee (SC-NEC). Thereafter, the High-Level Committee (HLC) approves the final quantum of financial assistance, the minister added.
  • MGNREGA has already used up over half of its annual funds this fiscal

    In 2020-21, the government had raised the budgetary allocation for the scheme by Rs 40,000 crore taking the total spent on Mgnrega to Rs 1,11,170.86 crore after the nationwide lockdown last year resulted in migration of workers back to rural India.
  • Decline in India’s shrimp exports makes them cheaper by 30% in domestic market

    "China was a very large market for the small sized shrimps weighing 10 grams to 17 grams. Now, as the exports to China are facing problems, the demand for these sizes is soft. The farm gate prices of shrimp have declined by about 14% since March," said Ramakanth Akula, CEO, The Waterbase Limited.
  • Import duty cut will not help reduce masur prices in India, says IPGA

    The basic customs duty has been reduced from 10% to nil on Lentils (Masur) originated in or exported from countries other than the USA. Also, the basic customs duty has been reduced from 30% to 20% on masur originating in or exported from the USA. The Agriculture Infrastructure Development Cess on masur has been reduced from the present rate of 20% to 10%.
  • Masur prices may remain range bound as Govt cuts import duty

    "The basic customs duty has been reduced from 10% to nil on Lentils (Masur) originated in or exported from countries other than the USA. Also, the basic customs duty has been reduced from 30% to 20% on masur originating in or exported from the USA. The Agriculture Infrastructure Development Cess on masur has been reduced from the present rate of 20% to 10%," the notification said.
  • Import duty on masur dal cut to zero; agri infra development cess halved to 10 per cent

    A notification in this regard was tabled in the Rajya Sabha by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman. The Minister said that the basic customs duty has been reduced from 10 per cent to nil on lentils (masur dal) originated in or exported from countries other than the US.
  • Wheat, paddy procurement at all-time high: Government

    In addition, 869.76LMTs of paddy was procured on MSP for ongoing KMS 2020-21 and RMS benefitting 128.37 Lakh farmers. This is 14.55 % more paddy procured in comparison to last year’s corresponding period. Government agencies have also procured total 10,49,575.80 MT of Pulses and Oilseeds on MSP.
  • Too early to assess impact of delayed monsoon on kharif crops: Narendra Singh Tomar

    According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), southwest monsoon rainfall as whole is less by 5 per cent of the normal rainfall during the period till July 21, Tomar said in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha.
  • Small tea growers can avail benefits under the PM-KISAN scheme

    Assam is the largest producer of tea in India and accounts for 52 percent of India’s tea.
  • Corteva Agriscience inks pact to promote sustainable rice production in 40,000 acres UP

    The project provides a framework for Corteva, 2030 WRG and a task force of multiple stakeholders to work towards transforming 40,000 acres of land from traditional methods of transplanting rice to the Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) technique, it said in a statement.
  • Forest and Horticulture Departments to formulate tea and horticulture policy: Arunachal Deputy CM

    He asked the Secretary of Industries to formulate an interdisciplinary committee by including members from all the line departments in order to correct the lacunas in the present policy.
  • Contribution of agriculture and allied sectors has increased 26.8% since 2013-14: Narendra Singh Tomar

    "The total agricultural exports have also shown continuous rise and the total value of the export of agricultural and allied commodities during the period 2013-14 and 2020-21 was Rs 2,62,778.52 crore and Rs 3,10,338.47 crore respectively showing an increase of 18.1 percent," he added.
  • From Pashmina shawls to Darjeeling tea, why India is waking up to the importance of GI tags

    India’s many geographical indication-registered products reflect the country’s rich heritage and diversity. There is still a lot of scope to highlight their uniqueness in global markets, but that is not going to be easy.
  • Soybean, cotton and maize acreages could shift if monsoon fails to revive: Crisil

    The report said that the southwest monsoon arrived in India on June 3, signalling a good start to the kharif 2021 season. As on June 23, monsoon covered almost 93% of kharif acreage — a week before its usual onset. However, the lull in monsoon over the past 15 days (up to 12 July) has weighed on the pace of kharif sowing.
  • Sericulture farmers see 20% higher prices on the back of ReshaMandi's digital support

    More than 12,000 sericulture farmers in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra currently use the artificial intelligence-based application of the startup, ReshaMandi, according to its founder.
  • Tripura initiates steps to promote commercial cultivation of Agar

    Tripura expects to export 75,000 kg of Agar chips and 1,500 kg of Agar oil in the current financial year. The state has over 50 lakh trees are available in the state.
  • Year-on-year kharif sowing trails by 11.56%, reservoir levels lower by 7% than previous year

    The year-on-year sowing of rice is lagging by 7%. Rice has been sown on 161.97 lakh hectares, with higher acreage reported from the states of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Tripura, Punjab, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Jammu & Kashmir, and Uttarakhand. Less area is reported from the states of Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Assam, Haryana, Gujarat etc.
  • More supply than demand keeps vegetables cheap in monsoon for first time in several years; traders, growers struggle to sell

    “Before Covid-19, I used to supply 23 to 30 tonnes of fruits and vegetable to hotels and institutions. Now, it has come down to 5 to 6 tonnes a day,” said Navin Chawla, a third-generation vegetable wholesaler from Delhi.
  • Tomar urges farmers to take benefit of govt's agri-reforms; launches Kisan Sarathi app

    Through 'Kisan Sarathi' platform, officials at various levels can view and monitor daily activities such as farmer registration, live calls, messages, advisories given and pending.
  • Horticulture production hits record high at 329.86 million tonnes, says Agriculture Ministry

    The production of fruits is estimated to be 102.76 million tonnes this year as compared to 102.08 million tonnes achieved in the year 2019-20, while production of vegetables is estimated to be 196.27 million tonnes, up by 4.42 % as compared to 188.28 million tonnes in the previous year.
  • Irrational subsidies, overfishing by many countries hurting Indian fishermen, says Piyush Goyal at WTO

    The minister has also stated that the proposed agreement has to provide for current and future needs as the per capita fisheries subsidy given by most developing countries is minuscule compared to advanced fishing nations.
  • India seeks fair WTO pact on fish subsidies, says limited S&DT inappropriate, unaffordable, unacceptable

    Speaking strongly for the rights of developing countries at the ministerial meeting of the WTO on the crucial fisheries subsidy negotiations, commerce and industry minister Piyush Goyal said that countries like India who are yet to develop fishing capacities, cannot sacrifice their future ambitions.
  • Only 39 per cent of workers can be considered as permanent workers in tea plantation sector in Assam: Oxfam India

    Oxfam India is working in seven districts of Assam—Biswanath, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Lakhimpur, Tezpur, Golaghat and Sivasagar.
  • Stock limits on pulses not removed, being enforced, says govt

    The central government has also shared information with the States about mismatch between the stocks declared by the stockists on the portal developed by Department of Consumer Affairs and loans taken from the Bank for pulses stocks or the quantity imported by importers.
  • Punjab waives Rs 590 crore farm debt loans for labourers and landless farming community

    The government will pay off loans to the tune of Rs 590 crore of 285,325 members of the Primary Agricultural Cooperative Societies (PACS), thus ensuring a relief of Rs 20,000 per member, said the statement quoting the chief minister Amarinder Singh.
  • CCEA approves realignment of schemes of Animal Husbandry department to leverage an investment of Rs 54,618 crore in next 5 years

    Financial Implication: "The financial commitment of Rs.9800 crore by Government of India over next 5 years starting 2021-22 for these schemes would leverage total investment of Rs.54,618 crore in livestock sector including share of investments by State Governments, State Cooperatives, Financial institutions, External funding agencies and other stakeholder," said a government release.
  • IFFCO Kisan Sanchar setting up 17 FPOs in Gujarat in tie-up with NABARD, NCDC

    These FPOs are being established in association with National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) and National Cooperative Development Corporation and will be spread across several districts of Gujarat.
  • ISMA keeps India's 2021-22 sugar production unchanged at 310 lakh tonnes

    "After accounting for the reduction in sugar production due to diversion of cane juice and B-molasses to ethanol, ISMA estimates sugar production in 2021-22 at around 310 lakh tons of sugar. This will be similar to the current year’s sugar production," said ISMA in a release.
  • Soil moisture deficiency may force re-sowing of maize, soyabean in some states

    Even as the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) on Tuesday declared that monsoon rains have covered the entire country, large parts of the country are still waiting for good spells of rain to save the crops in the field. Farmers have complained that the weather office’s short-term forecasts--issued for a fortnight—on which they based their decision to sow, were off the mark.
  • States lift 15.3 lakh ton foodgrains so far for free distribution during July-November

    The Central Government has extended the PMGKAY for five months i.e. July-November 2021 and further allocation of 198.79 LMT food grains has been made under PMGKAY-IV (July-November 2021), it added.
  • Assam's Agriculture department has set a ambitious target for enrolling five lakh farmers under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana for ensuing Sali paddy

    Agriculture minister Atul Bora said that district Agricultural Officers of the State has to take the responsibility to achieve the target failing which department may take action against them.
  • IIT Guwahati researchers conduct extensive research on Eri and Muga Silk

    Among the first such reports in this sector, the final report has already been accepted by the World Bank consultants.
  • Uttar Pradesh records highest ever procurement of wheat at MSP; Rs 11,141.28 crore paid

    Procurement in Uttar Pradesh had shown a record Paddy also during Kharif Marketing Season 2020-21 itself. A record procurement of 66.84 LMT paddy was done from 10.22 lakh farmers of Uttar Pradesh during KMS 2020-21.
  • India’s agricultural exports will cross $40 billion in FY22: NABARD Chairman

    “Producers have understood the overseas market requirements and the quality of products that are in demand. This is driving agri exports from India. China has emerged as a major buyer of agriculture products in the world markets. Also, we are in the midst of a commodity super cycle,” said GR Chintala, chairman, NABARD.
  • New farm laws to boost competition; farmers can sell produce to corporates: Chief Economic Advisor K Subramanian

    Subramanian said the insistence on selling goods only at Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) markets dented farmers' realisations because the buyer who acted as an intermediary had an upper hand in the trade due to factors like it being a perishable commodity or the costs involved in coming to the market again.
  • Palm oil prices rise in India even after import duty cut

    Higher palm oil prices could weigh on Indian demand and may prompt the government to refrain from cutting import taxes further as the price rise highlighted the limitation of duty reduction.
  • PM Modi says farm sector needs post-harvest revolution; govt impetus on scientific ecosystem

    Modi said the hardworking farmers have made record production of commodities despite the unprecedented challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • GI certified Fazil mango variety from West Bengal exported to Bahrain: Commerce Ministry

    The GI tag helps growers get premium price for the product as no other producer can misuse the name to market similar goods.
  • Kharif sowing till July 9 lagging by 10%

    India has completed sowing of the kharif season crop on 46% of the normal area of 1,073 lakh hectare allocated for summer cultivation. Farmers have sown kharif crops on 499.87 lakh hectares until July 9, about 10.4% lower than 558.11 lakh hectares sown during the corresponding period last year.
  • Summer crop planting lags as monsoon rains taper off

    Farmers typically start planting summer-sown crops on June 1, when monsoon rains usually reach India. Planting then continues until early August.
  • Cabinet approves amendment to Coconut Development Board Act

    "The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal of the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare to make the post of Chairman, Coconut Development Board as Non-Executive one. It will be beneficial to the coconut growers at large," an official statement said.
  • APMCs can access Farmers Infrastructure Funds: Narendra Singh Tomar

    ​Alleviating fears of farmers, the minister said that APMCs will not be done away with after the implementation of farm laws. Instead they will receive huge funds from the Centre's Infrastructure fund to strengthen them. Apart from APMCs the eligibility has also been extended to national and state Federation of Co-operatives, Federation of Farmers Producers Organisations and Federations of Self Help Groups.
  • Union cabinet approves modifications to the Agriculture Infrastructure Fund to increase investment

    ​Eligibility has now been extended to State Agencies/APMCs, National & State Federations of Cooperatives, Federations of Farmers Producers Organizations (FPOs) and Federations of Self Help Groups (SHGs).
  • National Commodities Management Services Limited (NCML) sets up public silo storage facility at Sonipat

    The four flat-bottom silos have a storage capacity of 12,500 MT each. It includes a flat bottom silo of 4000 MT capacity, two hopper bottom silos with a capacity of 30 MT each, a 60 MT Silo, and a 500 MT hopper Bottom Silo.
  • APMCs in major pulses growing states observe one-day strike

    The central government changed the pulse import policy in June by removing it from the restricted list to make imports free. On July 2, it imposed a stock limit on pulses under the Essential Commodities Act, which allows wholesalers to stock 200 tonnes of pulses, and retailers are allowed to stock a maximum of 5 tonnes.
  • Govt launches mobile app 'Matsya Setu' for aqua farmers

    Matsya Setu app has species-wise/ subject-wise self-learning online course modules, where renowned aquaculture experts explain the basic concepts and practical demonstrations on breeding, seed production and grow-out culture of commercially important fishes like carp, catfish, scampi, murrel, ornamental fish, and pearl farming.