Ash Gourd Information

General Information

Ash gourd also known as white gourd, winter melon or fuzzy melon. It is native from Southeast Asia. It is a rich source of Fat, protein, carbohydrates and fibre. Ash gourd have several medicine properties. As it contain low calories, it is good for diabetic patients. It is used to treat constipation, acidity and to kill intestinal worms. Popular "Petha" is made from Ash gourd.

  • Season

    Temperature

    15-35°C
  • Season

    Sowing Temperature

    15-20°C
  • Season

    Harvesting Temperature

    22-35°C
  • Season

    Rainfall

    100-150cm

Climate

  • Season

    Temperature

    15-35°C
  • Season

    Sowing Temperature

    15-20°C
  • Season

    Harvesting Temperature

    22-35°C
  • Season

    Rainfall

    100-150cm
  • Season

    Temperature

    15-35°C
  • Season

    Sowing Temperature

    15-20°C
  • Season

    Harvesting Temperature

    22-35°C
  • Season

    Rainfall

    100-150cm
  • Season

    Temperature

    15-35°C
  • Season

    Sowing Temperature

    15-20°C
  • Season

    Harvesting Temperature

    22-35°C
  • Season

    Rainfall

    100-150cm

Soil

It can grow on variety of soils but gives best results when grown on sandy loam soils. Ideal pH range of soil is about 6 to 6.5.

Popular Varieties With Their Yield

PAG 3: Fruits are medium in size and attractive. Ready to harvest in 145 days. Gives average yield of 120 qtl/acre.

Other States variety


CO 1, CO 2, Pusa Ujjwal, Kashi Ujawal, MAH 1, IVAG 502

Land Preparation

To bring soil to fine tilth, carryout ploughing operation for three-fourth time. Before last ploughing add, well decomposed cowdung@20kg along with neem cake@40kg/acre.

Sowing

Time of sowing
In north India, it can be cultivated for two times. It is sown in February-March and also in June -July.

Spacing

Sow two seeds per hill on one side of bed which is 3 m wide and use spacing of 75-90 cm.

Sowing Depth

Seeds are sown at depth of 1-2 cm.

Method of Sowing

Seeds are directly sown on bed.

Seed

Seed Rate
Seed rate of 2 kg is sufficient for one acre land.

Seed Treatment

To protect seeds from soil borne fungus, treat seeds with Carbendazim@2gm/kg of seeds. After chemical treatment, treat seeds with Trichoderma Viride@4gm/kg of seeds or Pseudomonas fluroscens@10gm/kg of seeds.

Fertilizer

Fertilizer Requirement (kg/acre)

UREA SSP MOP
90 125 35

 

Nutrient Requirement (kg/acre)

NITROGEN PHOSPHORUS POTASH
40 20 20

 

Overall it required Nitrogen@40kg in form of Urea@90kg/acre, Phosphorus@20kg in form of SSP@125kg/acre and Potash@20kg in form of MOP@35kg/acre. Apply half dose of Nitrogen and full dose of Phosphorus and Potash at time of bed preparation. Apply remaining dose of Nitrogen when crop is at flowering stage.

Weed Control

Depending upon weed intensity, carry out hand or hoe weeding operation. Mulching is best way to keep check on weed growth along with water saving.

Irrigation

Depending upon climate, soil type, in summer season provide irrigation with interval of 7-10 days. In rainy season provide irrigation depending upon rainfall frequency. 

Plant protection

Leaf Beetles
  • Pest and their control:

Leef beetles: If infestation is observed, to controlled take spray of Malathion 50EC@1ml/ltr or Dimethoate 30EC@2ml/lit of water.

 

Aphids

Aphid: If infestation is observed, take spray of Imidacloprid@0.5ml/ltr of water.
 

Powdery Mildew
  • Disease and their control:

Powdery Mildew: Patchy, white powdery growth appear on upper surface of leaves also on main stem of infected plant. It parasitizes the plant using it as a food source. In severe infestation it causes defoliation and premature fruit ripening.
If infestation is observed take spray of Dinocap@1ml/lit or Carbendazim@0.5gm/lit of water.

Powdery Mildew

Downy mildew: If infestation is observed, take spray of Mancozeb or Chlorothalonil@2gm/ltr of water, two times with 10 days interval.

Harvesting

Depending upon variety, crop is ready for harvesting in 90-100 days. Depending upon market requirement, fruits can be harvested at immature or mature stage. Mature fruits are mostly stored for seed production purpose. Cut the fruits from vines with help of sharp knife.

Seed production

For seed production purpose, sow seeds in February-March month. Disease or unwanted crops are remove at time of flowering, fruiting and maturity stage. When fruits and stem surface give white waxy appearance, fruits are ready for harvesting. Seeds are separated and then wash with water. Wash seeds are dry and then clean before storing. Seeds are store in low temperature and low humidity conditions.

References

1.Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana

2.Department of Agriculture

3.Indian Agricultural Research Instittute, New Delhi

4.Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

5.Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare