Senji Crop Information

General Information

Senji or Indian sweet clover is important forage legume crop. Its yellow and white variety is used for fodder purpose. It contains 60% of digestion nutrients and 16.57% crude protein.

Climate

  • Season

    Temperature

    25°C - 32°C
  • Season

    Rainfall

    40-50 cm
  • Season

    Sowing Temperature

    28°C - 30°C
  • Season

    Harvesting Temperature

    25°C - 30°C
  • Season

    Temperature

    25°C - 32°C
  • Season

    Rainfall

    40-50 cm
  • Season

    Sowing Temperature

    28°C - 30°C
  • Season

    Harvesting Temperature

    25°C - 30°C
  • Season

    Temperature

    25°C - 32°C
  • Season

    Rainfall

    40-50 cm
  • Season

    Sowing Temperature

    28°C - 30°C
  • Season

    Harvesting Temperature

    25°C - 30°C
  • Season

    Temperature

    25°C - 32°C
  • Season

    Rainfall

    40-50 cm
  • Season

    Sowing Temperature

    28°C - 30°C
  • Season

    Harvesting Temperature

    25°C - 30°C

Soil

It can be grown on variety of soil but gives best results when grown on loamy to heavy soils.

Popular Varieties With Their Yield

YSL 106: Quick growing variety having yellow flowers. Gives average yield of 128 qtl/acre of green fodder.

Senji Safed 76:
White variety, its flowers are white color. Its average yield is about 128 qtl/acre of green fodder.

Other state varieties:

FOS 1:
Medium duration, disease free variety having yellow flowers. Gives average yield of 76 qtl/acre.

HFWS 55:
Medium duration, disease free variety having white flower. Gives average yield of 112 qtl/acre.

Land Preparation

One Ploughing is sufficient for cultivation of senji crop. After ploughing do planking to make soil levelled.

Sowing

Time of sowing
Best time for sowing of YSL variety is from last week of September to last week of October. Whereas for Senji Safed, complete sowing in second fortnight of November.

Spacing
For sowing broadcasting method is used.

Sowing Depth
Use broadcasting method.

Method of sowing
For sowing broadcasting method is used.

Seed

Seed Rate
It requires 15 kg of husk seed for sowing one acre of land. After sowing, give one light irrigation.

Fertilizer

Fertilizer Requirement (kg/acre)

UREA SSP MURIATE OF POTASH
- 155 -

 

Nitrogen Requirement (kg/acre)

NITROGEN PHOSPHORUS POTASH
- 25 -

 

At time sowing, add Phosphorus@25kg/acre in form of SSP@155kg/acre.

Irrigation

For good growth it required total two to three irrigations.

Plant protection

Weevil
  • Pest and their control:

Weevil: If infestation is observed, spray crop with Malathion 50EC@400ml/100-150Ltrs of water per acre.


Black Aphid

Black Aphid: If infestation is observed, spray crop with Malathion 50EC@400ml/150Ltrs of water per acre.

Harvesting

For fodder purpose, harvest crop at its full blossom. Do not take cuttings for crops which are grown for seed purpose. Crop gets mature in month of March.

References

1.Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana

2.Department of Agriculture

3.Indian Agricultural Research Instittute, New Delhi

4.Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

5.Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare